Why malaria burden is highest in Africa -Agency

From Ahmad Mohnammed Bauchi

The Bauchi State Agency for the Control of HIV /AIDS, Tubeclosis/Leprosy and Malaria (BACATMA) has said that 90 percent of the world cases of malaria and 91 percent of malaria deaths are being recorded in the African continent due to low knowledge on the disease’s management and prevention.
The Executive Chairman of the Agency, Dr Mansur Dada disclosed this yesterday during a press conference marking this year’s World Malaria Day in the state.
He said in 2016 there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria in 91 countries with 445, 000 deaths globally.
Dada who explained that Malaria is a disease caused by a protozoan called ‘plasmodium’ noted that the disease is transmitted by a female anopheline mosquito that commonly affects children under five years of age, pregnant mothers, sicklers and people coming from non-endemic countries.
He said the disease is divided into two, uncomplicated malaria which has no life threatening manifestations and severe malaria which is deadly.
“Uncomplicated malaria has no life threatening manifestations. The features include fever, headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, loss of appetite, etc
“Severe malaria has life threatening manifestations. In addition to the above mentioned, other features includes confusion, convulsions, loss of consciousness, lack of blood, yellow discoloration of eyes, bleeding etc “.
The BACATMA chairman said malaria can be treated with Artemisinin Based Combination Therapy (ACT) and be prevented through health education, early diagnosis and treatment, use of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets, intermittent preventive treatment for pregnant mothers, indoor residual spray and outdoor spray of mosquito among other measures.

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