From Nosa Akenzua, Asaba
The Dean, School of Clinical Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo state, Professor Dominic Osayande Osaghae has said that, 360, 000 people in Nigeria die annually from Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) adding that the NCDs were mainly cardiovascular diseases (.CVDs) cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes and Mental Health Disorder which were the world’s biggest killers and have at present been termed “ Silent epidemic”
Professor Osaghae who spoke to journalists in Asaba at the weekend on the road block on the highway to survival of Children, the intervention of a paediatrician, said that over the past years, the need for specialization has grown with paediatricians specializing in their area of interest, consequently to ensure the care of more importantly under aged, others in the growing society, adding that childhood as a period of life begins at birth and ends at 18 years.
According to him, an active period with each stage being characterized by it’s joys, worries,challenges and difficulties as intervention would be measures taken to remedy identenfied problems, especially during health challenges among under aged, others, adding that Children in Nigeria and other tropical countries are prone to frequent morbidities and mortalities from highly treatable and preventable condition such as infections and infectious parastic diseases and conditions affecting the new born and Children generally
On disparity in mortality rates; Professor Osaghae explained that the disparity in U5MR between developing and developed countries had remained wider and significant as it shows that 80percent of deaths occur in SSA and South Asia, adding that five countries in the world with the highest number of deaths and least chances of survival of Children as in Nigeria including India and Democratic Republic of Congo , Pakistan and China, moreover,1 in 3 deaths in Children aged and 5 years in the world occurs in India and Nigeria.
He said that the high morbidity and mortality rates in developing countries are symptoms of wide spread challenges of the tropical regions of the world with low percentages of GDP being allocated to social services such as health , education, water, sanitation and hygiene as the countries are also indebted to creditors and thus spend percentage of national income on international debt payments.
On sickle cell disease; The University Don said that the disease causes high morbidities and mortalities in Children during all stages of Childhood adding that it estimated to affect 12 million people worldwide and 4million people (2pecent) in Nigeria while 25percent of Nigerians are carriers of the gene as it contributes up to 5percent of the under 5 deaths in Africa and 9percent of such deaths in West Africa and up to 16percent of under 5 deaths in individuals West African Countries.
Speaking further, Professor Osaghae explained that the Nigeria was facing an increase in the burden of NCDs with premature mortality from NCDs estimated at 22 percent, adding” according to the 2018 WHO Country profile,NCD accounted for all deaths in Nigeria with cardiovascular diseases as the primary cause of NCDs related deaths 11 percent while cancers 4percent and diabetes 1percent.”