The acerbic vituperation between President Donald Trump of the United States of America and North-Korean Supreme leader, Kim Jong Un has thankfully been deflated by the revelation of U.S Secretary of State, Mr Rex Tillerson, while visiting China, that Washington has opened a channel of communication with Pyongyang. This translates that in spite of the mutual recriminations and personal insults exchanged between Mr Trump and Mr Kim, formal state structures of the two sides are engaged to defuse the tension arising from North Korea nuclear test.
However, while we applaud the two sides for the opening of channel of communication, the nuclear issue in the Korean peninsular cannot be about the United State of America and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), otherwise known as North Korea, alone. International security and global order are under threat also following the Korean nuclear tension.
The continuous test of the nuclear weapons by North Korea and U.S persistence in checkmating it are two sides of the coin that keeps tension running high in the region. The North Korean regime is evidently paranoid and has every good reason to be reminded about the recent history of Washington’s orchestrated regime change projects in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and failed attempt in Syria. North Korea sees its nuclear programme as the only security insurance. However, accumulating nuclear arsenal in our view is not a guarantee of any meaningful security, because it is based on the framework of mutual destruction of the protagonists, but which leaves the rest of the world in precarious condition. There is nearly a global consensus that the standoff can only be solved by diplomatic means. We totally agree and urge for a consideration of Nigeria’s proposal at the just concluded United Nations General Assembly in New York that the global body should send a high level delegations consisting of representatives from all regions of the world to visit Pyongyang and engage the North Korean leader directly. While we align with this suggestion, we believe that reviving the existing mechanism like the six party talks comprising the North and South Korea, China, U.S and Russia can meaningfully reinstate the primacy of diplomacy as the choice tool to solve the problem.
We also believe that United States can take measures that can assuage the fears of the North Korean regime by reducing the intensity of its war games and also take more proactive steps by reducing the troops currently at nearly 30,00 stationed in the South Korea, US ally in the region. The deployment of the anti missile Terminal High Altitude Area Defence (THAAD), which has rankled even China, in the South Korea, should be reconsidered by the U.S. The THAAD, deployment which is even not popular among South Koreans is a major concern for stability in Korean Peninsula and Washington can help improve security in the region by removing them.
The United Nation as the foremost mechanism for global diplomacy should play more proactive role than mere platform where barrage of sanctions are churned out and slapped against Pyongyang. United States can also be cautioned and urged to rein in its war instincts.
All the wars the U.S has fought in recent times whether in Iraq, Afghanistan, or through proxy in Libya and Syria, both the countries whose regimes were changed and the rest of the world are not better for it.
In the case of any military action against Pyongyang, the regime has demonstrated capability to exact maximum damage far beyond the immediate theater of conflict. And because the regime is desperate and paranoid, and would have no qualms in dragging down a sizeable portion along with it, it must be persuaded through dialogue to withdraw its finger from the nuclear button.