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Published On: Tue, Aug 25th, 2020

Southern Kaduna: The Sule Lamido Solution Can Work!

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When Sule Lamido was the governor of Jigawa State, he provided a permanent, feasible and win-win solution to the Herdsmen/Farmers Crises.
The crisis in southern Kaduna is as old as the state. The Kaduna State Governor, Mallam Nasir El-Rufai said that incessant killings in the Southern part of the state was caused by “cycle of attacks, revenge and reprisals.” The federal government, on the other hand, has said that “From available security records, the problem in Southern Kaduna is an evil combination of politically-motivated banditry, revenge killings and mutual violence by criminal gangs acting on ethnic and religious grounds.”
In a report published by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in March 2017, stated that “ The escalation Southern Kaduna crises are traceable to a series of confrontations over property rights as well as the right to express and practice deeply held religious beliefs in 1981. In that year, a land dispute between Hausa traders and residents of Adara in Kachia local government area led to violent clashes which left at least a hundred homes destroyed. In 1986, a contest over the district headship of Lere in Lere LGA, when some locals were opposed to the candidature of a Muslim contestant, resulted in renewed violence. Fighting in the aftermath of a closely fought election among rival religious factions at the Ahmadu Bello University left at least 107 persons injured in Zaria. In 1992, a market relocation sparked two riots in Zangon Kataf which claimed thousands of lives. This figure has never been verified. Further ethno-religious confrontations in Kaduna North LGA which spread to Kafanchan and other towns resulted in an unspecified number of victims on the eve of Nigeria’s return to democratic rule. Protests in the wake of the State’s decision in 2000 to impose Sharia rule resulted in violence in Kaduna, Gwantu and Fadan Kagoma. Then Nigeria’s hosting of the Miss World beauty peagent in 2002 led to protests by Muslims across Northern Nigeria, violence in parts of Kaduna, and perhaps most infamously, politically motivated violence in Zaria, Kaduna, Zonkwa and Kafanchan in the wake of the 2011 presidential election led to the burning of churches, mosques, homes, the Kafanchan market, and a heavy death toll. In that year, there were at least thirteen separate reports of ethno-religious clashes in the state. In the half decade since 2010, there has been a steadily increasing number of violent clashes between the various groups in Kaduna”
Just like the Herdsmen/Farmers conflict, the southern Kaduna crisis is both an economic and environmental problem, but some politicians and few gullible Nigerians have turned it to a political one. At this moment, the crisis requires both political and socio-economic solutions. Due to demographic changes and other factors like cattle rustling, overgrazing and expanding human and cattle population, the Southern Kaduna crisis, like the Herdsmen/Farmers conflict is now purely a resource war- land and access to it molded in ethno-religious form.
The Kaduna state government and indeed other states governments should copy and remodeled what former Jigawa state governor Sule Lamido did, but in a manner that suit each states’ peculiarities. In most parts of Jigawa state, the then government established demarcated grazing reserves, cattle routes and water pumping windmills for herdsmen to freely nosh their herds. The grazing land is also watered frequently by the water pumping windmills for grasses to grow even during dry seasons. On the other hand, the farmers were provided with a large expanse of farmland to cultivate crops. One beauty of this is; the farmlands have a dual function- they have on them facilities for dry season farming. This dual solution, apart from promoting co-existence between farmers and herdsmen, will enhance local community security, safety and development.
Another advantage of this is most of the herdsmen will not unnecessarily wander around in search of pasture and water because the windmills provide drinking water for their own use as well as for their large livestock. The multi-bladed wind pumps constantly pump water which continually irrigates the large area of the land on which lush grasses grow even during dryseasons. And finally, both herdsmen and farmers feel ownership of the land. It is disheartening that, that ‘novel- solution’ in Jigawa state was not sustained nor expanded by the current government. In fact, Jigawa needs young, urbane, a distruptor and a technocrat as governor. People like former foreign affairs minister Dr. Nuruddeen Muhammad and Mustapha Sule Lamido to resuscitate such a model solution to a national problem.
The Kaduna state government should adopt such a permanent, feasible and win-win solution- by taking into consideration factors like economy, land, faith, tongue and history including other ordinary ones.

Zayyad I. Muhammad writes from Jimeta, Adamawa State, zaymohd@yahoo.com, 08036070980. zayyad.com.ng

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  1. Kabiru Umar says:

    Really, it may work.but when you know the kind of people that need peace and progress for imminently, if you know the hatred and selfishness of southern-kaduna tribes,especially,Atyap tribe,they does not know or pray for something called peace.if get back to all crises records in Kaduna state,they causes it knowingly.and at last pay for it.if not because,of local and ordinary mentality of these tribes you must need somebody to developed your locality. When you travel to Kano you will see Igbos and Yoruba’s owning business places,and they are leaving peacefully,nobody harass or abuse them. If you travel to Lagos the samething hausas and other tribes live and work their in harmony,and in river state the same thing,also this practices is happening all over state and globally as a whole. But when you come to Kaduna state and reach southern part of it you will start hearing some people abusive language against hausa and Fulanis,e.g.settlers or some words that use abusively.and historically, all southern Kaduna people were strangers, all of them came from neighboring state, example jaba are originally from Kano, and adara from taraba also atyap were originally from central Africa.the fulanis from katsina and bauchi, While hausas from northern part of Kaduna and Kano.and most of the majors town in this area was formed by Hausa and fulani.example; kafanchan,kachia,zankuwa,kagarko,Jere,and unguwar-rimi which is now called ungwar rimi bajju.the real and main problems with this southern-kaduna people is hateness and enmity without reasons and good thinking of progress in this life and hereafter,and there brains was brainwashed to hate others.and surprisingly, the majority of them were christian by saying not in realities,why I said so? The true teaching of Christianity no hateness,enmity,rather than talking of killings.and lastly, our state Kaduna state need any body that would bring progress and development,talkless of where he come from.and we need each other for the progress and development of our state.nobody will come from his own state and bring peace to your state excerpt you.let us live together and Celebrates one another to make our state great again

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