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Published On: Mon, Dec 2nd, 2019

Plenary of the CPC Central Committee: A peep into China’s Socialist Democracy

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communist party of china

By Charles Onunaiju

In the past 40 years plus, that China has pushed reforms and opening up, the world took notice only with the outcome of unprecedented and boisterous development that has proved not only sustainable but inclusive, taking over 800 million people out of poverty in the shortest period of time in all human history.
The fact is that such unprecedented feat was actually the concentrated expression of a focused determination of the leadership of the Communist Party of China at the epochal and historic 3rd plenary session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC in December, 1978 which concluded that the then backwardness of the China’s productive forces was the critical contradiction that can only be resolved by unfettering the productive forces. From this theoretical conclusion, the party and government took economic modernization as the core of its work, providing the rationale for the policy framework of reform and opening up. From the context of this fact, CPC plenums, especially for the unified leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist party of China is not and has never been a political jamboree. Is a soul-searching platform of the party central leadership to take stock and update itself to the theoretical understanding of the existing conditions of the country and get to grips with the policy implications of driving reforms and opening up to new levels.
The 4th Plenary session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) which held in Beijing from the 28th to the 31st of October was attended by all 202 members of CPC Central Committee and 169 alternate members of the Central Committee. The Session focused on major issues concerning how to uphold and improve the system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics and advance the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance. Reports following the conclusion of the session noted that it fully affirmed the work of the political bureau of the CPC Central Committee since the 3rd plenary of the 19th CPC Central Committee, acknowledged its robust endeavours that led to major achievements in various causes of the party and the country despite complicated situation, notable by increasing risks and challenges both domestically and externally.
Among the overall goals to be met, the party plenum reaffirmed commitment to ensure that institutions in all fields are greatly improved, especially at the Centenary of the Party in 2021 and look forward that the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance is basically achieved by 2035 and realized in full by the time of the centenary anniversary of the People’s Republic of China in 2049.
Among other key issues, the communiqué of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC at its 4th plenary session observed that as proven by practice, the system of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and the country’s system of governance have strong vitality, especially if one bears in mind that these systems are able to push for the continuous progress of the country with nearly 1.4 billion people.
The meteoric rise of China and the ability of the leadership to maintain the tempo of the stable, steady and sustainable trajectories of the expansive development derived essentially from the foundation of the theoretical interrogation of the country’s historical and existential realities, the discipline of the party to follow up diligently on practice, as the criteria for truth. The practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics was not a political slogan coined by crowd-pleasing politicians but the labour of an intense scientific interrogation of facts, whose accuracy is best testified by the huge transformation of China.
The 4th plenary session of the 19th central committee of the CPC would navigate China in the new context of her global preeminence and the responsibility of a major power, steer her domestically to the challenge entering a new era of economic modernization and the social needs of her population. With a new theoretical breakthrough from the collective wisdom of the party, the 19th national Congress of the Party held in 2017 evolved the “Xi Jinping thought on Socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era,” that provided the theoritical clarifications for understanding critical challenges, seizing vital opportunities and flowing along the currents and trends of the time with unshakable confidence and ceaseless sober reflections.
The Communist Party of China (CPC) national congresses and plenary sessions of the central committee are vital institutional landmarks at which the party re-invigorate theoretically, sort and set out broad issues.
The western media like to call the party plenary session an elite gathering but truly, no one arrives at the CPC unified leadership of Central Committee without having worked and walked all the way from the lowest level of party organization, where he or she must win support and confidence of party and non-party members from the grassroots. The CPC national congress and plenary of the central committee are the highest and broadest level of political representation of the Chinese Communist party with equal measures of the heaviest burden of political responsibility, both to the Chinese people and even to the world.
Under the confident leadership of the General Secretary of the CPC, President Xi Jinping, unanimously taken as the core of the unified Central leadership of the party, which translates that he represents the finest attributes of the core values of the CPC and its historic mission of serving the people, the party have been enormously reinvigorated both theoretically and practically to continuously be at the driving seat of China’s modernization and rejuvenation and a making enormous contribution to the cause of humanity.
The just-concluded 4th plenary session of the 19th
central committee would have brought clarity to some key issues that would drive China’s modernization in the era of pushing forward, the project of socialist modernization with Chinese characteristics. Beijing,s outreach to the world through the initiative of the Belt and Road framework of international cooperation that has resoundingly earned universal ownership would received enormous vitality as the party leadership push with greater vigour , the reform and opening up as the premiun energizer of China modernization efforts..

Mr. Onunaiju, Director , Centre for China Studies, Abuja.

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