The 2014 Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG), released yesterday, shows that Nigeria ranks 37th out of 52 African countries, trailing behind other West African countries like Ghana and Senegal.
In this year’s ranking Nigeria scored lower than the African average (51.5) and ranked 37th (out of 52) overall. Also, the country scored lower than the regional average for West Africa (52.2), ranking 12th (out of 15) in the region.
While this appears an improvement from the 2013 ranking where the country took 41st position, the score is insignificant, according to analysts, because Nigeria deteriorated further in two of the four major categories of the index.
The four categories composed of safety and rule of law, participation and human rights, sustainable economic opportunity and human development are further divided into 14 subsections with 94 indicators.
In West Africa, Ghana and Senegal made it to the top ten scoring 68.2 and 64.3 to be ranked 7th and 9th positions respectively.
Benin Republic ranked 18th, Burkina Faso 21st, Gambia 23rd, Sierra Leone 25th, Mali 28th, Niger 29th, Liberia 31st, Togo 36th, Mauritania 39th, Cote d’Ivoire 40th, Guinea 42nd and Guinea Bissau 48th.
Somalia is ranked position 52, to close the list of countries on the African continent.
Meanwhile, Mauritius repeated the feat it achieved last year topping the list as the best country in Africa with 81.7 score in the overall governance, with Cape Verde, Botswana and South Africa in the second, third and fourth positions respectively.
According to the findings, the countries in the bottom half of the rankings which registered the largest improvements over the past five years include; Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Niger and Zimbabwe. “They have changed course since 2009 from negative trajectories to become the biggest improvers on the continent. This progress has been driven in large part by gains in Participation & Human Rights.
At the country level, the 2014 IIAG highlighted the potential of governance under performers while revealing the weaknesses of current frontrunners.
It said the index showed that between 2009 and 2013 overall governance improved on the African continent. However, over the past ten years, the main drivers of this overall positive trend have changed.
“The results of the 2014 IIAG challenge our perceptions about the state of African governance. Africa is progressing but the story is complex and doesn’t fit the stereotypes. Even if the overall picture looks good, we must all remain vigilant and not get complacent,” said Mo Ibrahim, Chair of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation.
“The 2014 IIAG results show that high ranking countries cannot assume that future achievements will necessarily follow previous accomplishments. More generally, let us make sure that the ‘Africa Rising’ narrative that everyone is talking about truly benefits all African people,” said Jay Naidoo, Board Member of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation.