“O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and Tribes, that ye may know Each other (Not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the Most honoured of you In the sight of Allah is (He who is) the Most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).”[al-Hujrat: 13]
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. All Praise is due to Allah! We praise Him and we seek help from Him. We ask forgiveness from Him. We repent to Him; and we seek refuge in Him from our evils and bad deeds. Anyone who is guided by Allah is indeed guided; and anyone who has been left astray, will find no one to guide him. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah, the Only One without any partner; and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and final messenger to mankind. May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon His last and final Apostle, his Household, his companions and all his followers till the end of time.
It was only a “tajdid” Jihad; it was not warfare against the pagans coercing them to embrace Islam. It was purification and a sort of revitalization; reawaken the Islamic faith. I was intended to be a peaceful campaign and da’awa. But, Usman bin Fodio did not fight a tribal war; the Fulanis against the Hausa or the Habes. What he did was purely to purify Islam of cultural degradations, venalities, exploitations and religious corruptions. He did not fight the Kanem Borno Empire also, because it was closer to the pure Islam than the Hausaland. His entire Jihad movement was characterized by preaching, teaching and writing. He was in fact, more concern with learning processes of the caliphate than its political and economic administrations.
Though there were pockets of insurgencies and revolts sponsored by some disgruntled Habe kings and priests, but the scenarios were very well handled, with the rifts well sewed. Since then, there had never been any remarkable political, religious or economical conflicts between the Fulanis and the Habes. The fundamental reason was because the relationship following the reconciliation after the jihad was built on faith and belief; Islam. The bond became much hardened than the consanguinity or tribal affiliation. Consequently, what used to be two distinct tribes metamorphosed and transmogrified into one bigger new tribe; the “Hausa-Fulani”. Hence, the mystery behind the success and continuation of this union remain the perfect infusion of faith and blood; inter-marriage between the Hausas and the Fulanis, as against the endogamy which was very prevalent then, and the common beliefs amongst them. The Apostle of Allah said, “A faithful believer to a faithful believer is like the bricks of a wall, enforcing each other.” While (saying that) the Prophet (pbuh) clasped his hands, by interlacing his fingers”. [al-Bukhari]
In fact, today, many Nigerians cannot distinguish the peculiarities between an original Fulani from the real Hausas, apart from ownership of cattle herds. In some parts of Nigeria, Hausa is synonymous to Islam, and Muslim is regarded as simply a Hausaman! I have worked and mingled with the Ibos in the South-Eastern Nigeria for some reasonable time. I have learned that any Ibo man that embraces Islam is a Hausaman!
Thus, no two distinct tribes in this modern Nigeria or anywhere else that intermarriage only has brought about such lasting and bonded relationship like the one existing between the Hausas and the Fulanis. That is why they are envied the rest of the tribes and ethnic groups right from the time Nigeria came into existence, until today. Probably, what was supposed to be positive envy has turned into the present animosity.
In fact, with the obtainable circumstances and reeling off events, one can rightly conclude that it was that envy that was wrongly fed that become enormity that resulted into the gruesome killing our leaders who founded modern Nigeria. Otherwise, why would only the northern prominent political leaders along with some southwest political leaders who politically worked with them for the benefits of all were also mercilessly murdered? The first civil war was fought to bring the seceded part the country was reclaimed with might so that the action will serve as lesson for posterity. Since then Nigerians lived together as their brothers keepers.
Suddenly, the situation changed. What used to be a friendly environment swiftly became very unpredictably hostile. The country became very unsecured with debut of the dreaded terrorists of the Niger Delta in the South Eastern Nigeria. They attacked the jugular vein of the Nigeria economy aggressively. They brought untold hard to the whole nation. Theirs was day light treason.
However, the late president Musa ‘Yar Adua a Hausa-Fulani extraction, wisely handled the situation with amnesty which resulted into an amicable treaty. Then another home grown insurgent group sprang up to be deadlier than deltan terrorists. This group kill everyone; the aged, the minor, the armed, the civilians, and both Muslims and Christians. They attack Mosques and Churches, destroy public and private properties, and maim and harass all and sundry! They have grown stronger than the Nigeria security operatives put together. They have severally beaten (oops defeated) them down every time there was encounter. The states of the northeastern Nigeria have completely become unsafe for both economic activities and human dwelling. The citizens of Borno and Yobe states have completely lost confidence in the Nigeria Army. They feel they do not belong to the government of President Jonathan; a minority from Niger Delta and an Ijaw extraction from the Southeastern Nigeria.
However, the only safe part of Nigeria today is the south West. The crimes going on are the normal ones already endured by the natives; arm robbery and ritual killings! The North central is characterize with the aged long tribal and ethnic hostilities and conflicts; the Fulani herdsmen versus the Tivs, the Jos settlers and indigenes, the farmers and cattle rearers and the hunters.
But, today, the relatively safer northwest has suddenly become the target of cattle rustlers! I have a farm in Kaduna, and have lost all my cattle and goats to rustlers recently. All my neighbours have experienced the same fate. Many farmers from Kaduna, katsina, Zamfara, Sokoto and kebbi states have lost their herds to the new crime; cattle rustling with impunity.
However, if one carefully observes the trend of the event, he will find out that it has gone beyond mere rustling. There is much in the style of the crime than what the eyes can see. There is a perfected plot to impel and induce bigger and consuming hostilities between the Fulanis and the Hausas.
In other words, the plot was to remotely compel a war between the new tribe; the Hausa-Fulani. To create a scenario in which the Hausa-Fulani will kill each other! Since the rustlers are fancied to be the Fulanis, while the cattle owners in almost all situations are the Hausas.
In fact, I saw a video clip in which someone claimed to be a Fulani rustler boasting of their fire power in carrying out their horrendous crimes. I refused to believe in his vituperations and outburst, referring the viewers of their fire power and sponsors! His claim was unbelievably frightening!
Anyway, as a Hausa-Fulani man, and believing fully the lessons of fraternity, solidarity and brotherhood between our forefathers, as well what Islam has bequeathed to us, no true Muslim Fulani man will ever inflict pain to his brother Hausa man. Let alone economically harm and dislocate him. Those evil hidden hands cannot and will succeed in compelling and inducing us to fight each other. Our leaders are fast in detecting the evil plot and scheme. They have warned us never to physically engage each other in fighting, come what may.
Islam has taught us that we are brothers’ keepers and we will continue to heed the lessons. The Apostle of Allah in many instance told the followings:
Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar that Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, “A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor. Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs; whoever brought his (Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection.”[Muslim]
It was narrated that Masruq said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: ‘I do not want to see you after I am gone reverting to disbelievers, striking the necks of one another (killing one another). No man is punished for the crime of his father, or the crime of his brother.’” [Nisa]
Thus, if any evil minded people or group of people who think by sponsoring some unscrupulous amongst us will succeed in knocking our heads, must be a fool. We believe in the wordings of the Messenger of Allah contain in the following words:
Abu Bakra (rd) reported Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) as saying: When two Muslims (confront each other) and the one amongst them attacks his brother with a weapon, both of them are at the brink of Hell-Fire. And when one of them kills his companion, both of them get into Hell-Fire.”[Muslim]
It was narrated that ‘Abdullah said: “The Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: ‘Do not revert to disbelievers after I am gone, striking the necks of one another (killing one another). No man is to be punished for the sins of his father, or the sins of his brother.’’[Nisa]
In conclusion, I will copy and paste what someone sent to me as an Sms: “To us the Hausa-Fulanis, let Dokubo and his sponsors as well as mentors be aware that we are ready for them anytime…..for only a classical fool , a compound scallywag and a complete snollygoster will dare threaten the conjoin descendants of Usman bin Fodio, Modibbo Adama, El-Kanemi, Mai Idris Alooma, Buba Yero, Danyaya Ningi, Yakubun Bauchi, Magajin Keffi Danyamusa, Maidallah Biu, Amir Kano Alu Maisango, Dan Waire, Korau Katsina, Dantunku Kazaure, Etsu Ndayako, Kwasau Zazzau and Nagwamatse Kontagora; the list is endless! The Northerners you threatened with war are indeed descendants of these gallant warriors; their blood runs in our veins…”!