By Husain Zakariyya Yawale.
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. All Praise is due to Allah! We praise Him and we seek help from Him. We ask forgiveness from Him. We repent to Him; and we seek refuge in Him from our evils and bad deeds. Anyone who is guided by Allah, is indeed guided; and anyone who has been left astray, will find no one to guide him. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah, the Only One without any partner; and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and final messenger to mankind. May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon His last and final Apostle, his Household, his companions and all his followers until the end of time.
It has become perennially reoccurring wrangling and confusion whenever the month of Zul-Hijjah approaches, most especially for those of us who are not very fortunate to be called upon for the year’s hajj rites at the Holy land; Makkah. The confusion is weather those who would be offering sacrifices in their countries are allowed to shave their hairs or generally clean themselves during the long period of the first ten days or not of Zulhaj! A lot of local Malams also keep on admonishing their congregations at every prayers that anybody who intends to sacrifice animals on the tenth day; Dhahayya, including those who cannot, not shave or trim their hairs, clip their nails, plait their hairs, or do their henna, and basically anything that will remove dead tissue or hair from their bodies! Indeed, that was the ruling at the inception of Islam as the hadiths of Umm Salmah and Abdullah bin Abbas (RD) indicated. But, towards the last years of the Prophet’s life time in Medinah, that ruling was abrogated by the many instances of the reports of Mother of believers, A’ishah (RD).
However, for the purpose of restoring sanity and good understanding, the following hadiths will serve strong basis for compliance to latest ruling. Last years I made the same reminder to those of us who are not called upon by Allah to perform this years.
Thus, the Hadiths in their row nature but clearly self explanatory, may Allah guide us aright:
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 26 :: Hadith 756
Narrated ‘Aisha: I twisted the garlands for the Hadis of the Prophet and then he marked and garlanded them (or I garlanded them) and then made them proceed to the Ka’ba but he remained in Medina and no permissible thing was regarded as illegal for him then.
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 26 :: Hadith 757
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Bakr bin ‘Amr bin Hazm that ‘Amra bint ‘Abdur-Rahman had told him, “Zaid bin Abu Sufyan wrote to ‘Aisha that ‘Abdullah bin Abbas had stated, ‘Whoever sends his Hadi (to the Ka’ba), all the things which are illegal for a (pilgrim) become illegal for that person till he slaughters it (i.e. till the 10th of Dhul-Hijja).’ ” ‘Amra added, ‘Aisha said, ‘It is not like what Ibn Abbas had said: I twisted the garlands of the Hadis of Allah’s Apostle with my own hands. Then Allah’s Apostle put them round their necks with his own hands, sending them with my father; yet nothing permitted by Allah was considered illegal for Allah’s Apostle till he slaughtered the Hadis.’ “
Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 38 :: Hadith 510
Narrated ‘Aisha: I twisted the garlands of the Hadis (i.e. animals for sacrifice) of Allah’s Apostle with my own hands. Then Allah’s Apostle put them around their necks with his own hands, and sent them with my father (to Mecca). Nothing legal was regarded illegal for Allah’s Apostle till the animals were slaughtered.
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 26 :: Hadith 755
Narrated ‘Aisha: Allah’s Apostle used to send the Hadi from Medina and I used to twist the garlands for his Hadi and he did not keep away from any of these things which a Muhrim keeps away from.
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 26 :: Hadith 759
Narrated ‘Aisha: I used to make the garlands for (the Hadis of) the Prophet and he would garland the sheep (with them) and would stay with his family as a non-Muhrim.
Bukhari :: Book 7 :: Volume 68 :: Hadith 473
Narrated Masruq: that he came to ‘Aisha and said to her, “O Mother of the Believers! There is a man who sends a Hadi to Ka’ba and stays in his city and requests that his Hadi camel be garlanded while he remains in a state of Ihram from that day till the people finish their Ihram (after completing all the ceremonies of Hajj)” (What do you say about it?) Masruq added, I heard the clapping of her hands behind the curtain. She said, “I used to twist the garlands for the Hadi of Allah’s Apostle and he used to send his Hadi to Ka’ba but he never used to regard as unlawful what was lawful for men to do with their wives till the people returned (from the Hajj).”
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 26 :: Hadith 753
Narrated ‘Aisha: I twisted with my own hands the garlands for the Budn of the Prophet who garlanded and marked them, and then made them proceed to Mecca; Yet no permissible thing was regarded as illegal for him then.
Muslim :: Book 7 : Hadith 3036
‘A’isha reported: I wove the garlands for the sacrificial animals of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) with my own bands, and then he (the Holy Prophet) marked them, and garlanded them, and then sent them to the House, and stayed at Medina and nothing was forbidden to him which was lawful for him (before).
Muslim :: Book 7 : Hadith 3040
‘A’isha (Allah, be pleased, with her) reported: I often wove garlands for the sacrificial animals of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and he garlanded his sacrificial animals, and then he sent them and stayed in the ouse) avoiding nothing which a Muhrim avoids.
Muslim :: Book 7 : Hadith 3035
Abd al-Rahman b. al-Qasim reported on the authority of his father that he heard ‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) saying: I used to weave garlands for the sacrificial animals of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) with these hands of mine, but he (Allah’s Apostle) neither avoided anything nor gave up anything (which a Muhrim should avoid or give up).
Muslim :: Book 7 : Hadith 3033
‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) sent the sacrificial animals from Medina. I wove garlands for his sacrificial animals (and then he hung them round their necks), and he would not avoid doing anything which the Muhrim avoids A hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority of Ibn Shihab.
Muslim :: Book 7 : Hadith 3044
Masruq reported: I heard ‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) clapping her hands behind the curtain and saying: I used to weave garlands for the sacrificial animals of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) with my own hands, and then he (the Holy Prophet) sent them (to Mecca), and he did not avoid doing anything which a Muhritn avoids until his animal was sacrificed.
Muslim :: Book 7 : Hadith 3038
Al-Qasim reported the Mother of the Faithful (Hadrat ‘A’isha Siddiqa) (Allah be pleased with her) as saying: I used to weave these garlands from the multicoloured wool which was with us. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was in the state of non Muhrim among us, and he would do all that was lawful for a lion-Muhrim with his wife.
Muslim :: Book 7 : Hadith 3042
‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: We used to garland the goats and send them (to Mecca), and Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) stayed back in Medina as a non-Muhrim and nothing was forbidden for him (which is forbidden for a Muhrim).
Muslim :: Book 7 : Hadith 3037
‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) sent the sacrificial animals and I wove garlands for them with my own ‘hands, and he did not refrain from doing anything which he did not avoid in the state of non-Muhrim.
While I wish you a prosperous and acceptable Dhahayyah; sacrifice and Eid prayers, I sincerely pray that this glimpse will put this perennial commotion behind us for good, or at least minimize the wrangling and confusion being peddled by many social fora around the Muslim worlds.