Data made available by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed that 7.53 million are doing absolutely nothing (jobless).
NBS said, of a labor force of 85.08million in Q32017,77.55million are engaged in some sort of economic activity for at least an hour a week, (8.46 million-1-19 hours; 18.02 million-20-39 hours; 51.06million-above 40 hours), while 7.53 million are doing absolutely nothing. (Note we classify those working less than 20 hours a week and those doing absolutely nothing as unemployed, while we classify those working 20-39 hours or doing jobs not commensurate with their qualification sands kills as under employed).
The Bureau said, out of 8.46 million persons that work within 1-19 hours a week, 1.83 million or 21.67% work for pay/ wage, 5.84 million or 69.03% are self-employed working in agriculture (4.18million or 49.44%) and non-agriculture related activities (1.65 million or 19.58%), 83,978 or 0.99% are paid apprentice and 703,240 or 8.31% are unpaid houseworkers.
Under this working hours category, Agriculture with 59.02% or 5.01 million persons dominates followed by Trade (9.7%),Professional,ScientificandTechnicalServices(7.0%)
Out of 18.02 million persons that work within 20-39 hours a week and classified as underemployed, 3.77 million or 20.96% work for pay wage, 11.60 million or 64.36% areself-employed working in agriculture (6.62million or 36.72%) andnon-agriculturerelated activities (4.98million or 27.64%), 231,671 or 1.28% are paid apprentice and 2.41million or13.39% are unpaid house workers.
Under this working hours category, Agriculture with 52.20% or 9.40 million persons dominates followed by Trade (13.2%), and Other services (7.0%)
Out of 51.06 million persons that work above 40 hours a week and classified as employed full time, 14.10 million or 27.62% work for pay/ wage, 33.80 million or 66.33% are self-employed working in agriculture (18.85 million or 36.92%) and non-agriculture related activities (15.01 million or 29.41%), 547,330 or 1.07% are paid apprentice and 2.54millionor4.98%areunpaidhouseworkers.
Of a total employed (full time employed and underemployed which is 20 and above working hours a week) of 69.09 million,17.88millionor25.88% workforpay/wage, 45.47millionor65.82%areself-employedworkinginagriculture (25.47 million or 36.87%) and non-agriculture related activities (20.0 million or 28.95%), 779,002 or 1.13% are paid apprentice and 4.95million or 7.17% are unpaid house workers.
Employment in Nigeria (20 and above working hours) is therefore dominated by agriculture with 32.35 million persons or 46.8% of the total employed population of 69.09 million, followed by Trade with 10.01 million persons or 14.5%, Manufacturing with 4.92 million of 7.0%, Other Services with 5.59 million persons or 8.1%, Professional, Scientific and Technical Services with 4.34 million persons or 6.3%, Education with 2.52 million persons or 3.7% and transportation and storage with 2.39million or 3.5.
If we add those that work 1-19 hours and termed unemployed to the total employed population to increase the employed population from 69.09 million to 77.55 million, then 19.71 million or 25.42% work for pay/ wage, 51.3 million or 66.17% are self-employed working in agriculture (29.65 million or 38.24%) and non-agriculture related activities (21.65 million or 27.93%), 862,980 or 1.11% are paid apprentice and 5.65 million or 7.30% are unpaid house workers.
Under the above scenario, Agriculture still dominates economic activity with 48.2% followed by Trade (14.0%), Other Services(7.9%) and Manufacturing (7%).
Agricultural, Other Services, Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, Education, Transportation and Storage, Human Health and Social Services, Accommodation and Food Services, Arts Entertainment Creation and Administrative & Supportive Services presented higher shares of employment than the corresponding shares of nominal GDP in 2017 Q3 indicating that these activities were more labor intensive than other sectors.
Mining and Quarrying, Information and Communication, and Real Estate contributed to sizable shares of nominal GDP (11.17%, 8.69%, and 7.52% respectively) in 2017 Q3 while they only provided limited employment (0.17%, 0.55%, and 0.09% respectively).
More males worked full-time than female, while a higher percentage of female worked part-time between 20-39 hours and below 20 hours per week. The absolute number of male full-time workers (34.85 million) was more than twice then umberoffemalefull-time workers (16.21million) in the third quarter of 2017.
A larger percentage of males to females were self-employed infarming/ agriculture work, while a larger percentage of females were self-employed in non-farming/agriculture work. Agriculture dominated both female and male labor markets.
Most economic sectors including Agriculture, Other Services, Manufacturing, Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, Transportation and Storage, and Construction employed more male workers than female workers.
Aggregatedin to the Agriculture, Industry, and Services sectors; 48.19% oftotal employment from agriculturesector, with services sector at 44.67%, fallowedby, servicesectorat 7.14%.