By Charles Onunaiju
The comparison of Iran before and after the revolution can reveal important facts for post-revolutionary generations. The Islamic revolution has begun the beginning of great and fundamental changes in Iran and the countries of the region. In describing the revolution, it is significant that Imam Khomeini (PBUH) titles like “Miracle of the Century” and “Blast of Light”. The 40th anniversary of the victory of the Islamic Revolution is a good opportunity to review, the Islamic Revolution and its achievements in various fields. Whatever the distance from the victory of the Islamic Revolution, the importance of examining the achievements of the Islamic Revolution and the importance of making progress in the field of science and technology is further enhanced.
In such sensitive situations in which different countries enter, the importance of explaining the achievements of the revolution and the Islamic Republic as a task is determined. The report seeks to review this important achievement of the Islamic Revolution and the progress of the Islamic Republic in the field of science and technology.
In order to understand the facts of the Islamic Revolution and the valuable achievements of the Islamic Republic in the field of science and technology, it is necessary to pay attention to the situation in Iran during the era of the Taliban regime. Without regard to the internal and external conditions of Iran during the pre-Islamic era, the magnitude of the achievements of this divine revolution and the valuable achievements of the Islamic Republic in our era after the Islamic Revolution cannot be realized. Accordingly, briefly the scientific and technological situation of Iran during the period of the regime is studied.
The scientific and technological backwardness of Iran during the pre-revolutionary period was very annoying for Iranians with a cultural and civilization background. Overcoming this backwardness, crossing the boundaries of knowledge and achieving the most advanced technologies with the goal of creating a modern Islamic civilization is one of the ideals of the Islamic Revolution. In recent years, the leader of the Islamic Revolution, with a focus on the production of science in Iran and the introduction of positions such as the software movement and scientific jihad, provided good ground for advancement in the field of modern science and technology in the country. Scientific advances and the achievement of the Islamic Republic of Iran in some of the new technologies in recent years are surprisingly worried by Westerners, and one of the reasons for exacerbating their pressures on Iran with excuses, including the nuclear issue, is trying to prevent Iran’s progress. The following indicators can partly reflect these enhancements.
According to the international scientific community, the pace of scientific progress in Iran is 11 times the average growth rate of science in the world. This figure shows how fast Iran is moving its distance from the developed world, and it can not make it one day for all countries in the field of science production. Now Iran is in the twelfth place in the world of science.While before the Islamic Revolution, nearly 70 percent of the adult population in the country was illiterate, and less than 40 percent of the children could go to school, the literacy rate in the country is now approaching 100 percent. The literacy movement was one of the great actions of the Islamic Republic of Iran in regard to the emphasis on the value of science in Islam. Adolescents who have been illiterate through the same literacy movement have succeeded in moving to graduate education and transforming their lives with expertise and skills.In the pre-Islamic period, 154,000 students were studying in a limited number of universities or higher education centers, and in several metropolitan areas. There are now 119 universities and state-run higher education institutions, 28 higher education and educational institutions, 295 nonprofit universities, 550 Payam-e-Noor University, 385 Islamic Azad universities, 739 academic and applied science centers, 274 vocational training centers and training courses in The country is active, with more than 4 million students studying at these universities and educational centers.
Comparing the status of higher education in Iran before and after the revolution in the census of 1355 and 1390 represents significant achievements:
The literacy rate from 47% in 55 years to 93% in the year 90.
-The coverage of applicants for secondary education has increased from 23% to 85%.
-The population with a higher education has risen from 310,000 to 5474,000 in the 1990s.
– The number of students has increased from 170,000 to 4,000,000.
– The number of Ph.D. students increased by 60 points from 9458 to 580,638.
Iran has not been in any field of science since the 55th year, while in 90 years it has reached scientific pole in 142 fields.
– In the 55th year of growth, Iran’s scientific rank was 52 in the world and reached the world’s 17th rank in the 1990s.
Some of the results of these scientific and technological developments can be seen in the following areas:
1. The valuable achievements in the field of nanoscale, laser and … are other effects of Iran’s scientific and technological progress after the revolution. Nano science has made great changes in the world, and in Iran, this kind of science has enjoyed a good status. With regard to the application areas of nanoscience, such as the production and accumulation of drugs, diagnosis of diseases, water detoxification, increased productivity in agriculture, the accumulation and maintenance of agricultural products and food, pest control and sanitation, the effects of these achievements in the lives of the people are palpable will be. Iran now ranked 12th in the world of nanoscience.
2- The Islamic Republic of Iran is becoming the medical pole in West Asia. In the era before the Islamic Revolution, on the one hand, foreign doctors were very numerous in large cities, and on the other hand, many patients were treated to Western countries and even occupied territories for treatment, but today, on the other hand, advanced hospitals in Iran, welcomed patients from Other countries in the region are for the treatment and advanced surgical procedures.
3. Medical science in Iran, especially in areas such as stem cells, repair of spinal cord injuries, the production of strategic drugs, simulations of animals, etc., has made significant advances and Iran is on the ranks of the first.
4. Entrance to the World Space Club is one of the other effects and achievements of the country’s scientific and technological achievements in the post-revolution period. Space science and technology are available to a limited number of countries in the world. Now the Islamic Republic in the region, the only country with this knowledge and technology, is also native. So far, several satellite satellites have been built in orbit And will be launched in the future by more advanced satellites from the Islamic Republic. Iran now has only six countries designing, constructing and launching satellites in the world.
5. The growth and development of the automotive industry, the growth and development of the steel and aluminum industry, the growth and development of the shipbuilding industry, the growth and development of the aircraft industry, and the country’s scientific and technological progress in the construction of docks, drilling of oil and gas wells, construction of a refinery, construction of a dam, Construction of silos, construction of highways and various types of metal and concrete structures, among other effects of scientific and technological development in the country.
6. The Islamic Republic is now a nuclear country and is actually a member of the nuclear club of the world. Despite all the sanctions and threats, Iran has achieved a complete cycle of nuclear fuel (enrichment) with the efforts and struggles of its young people and its specialists, and in terms of scientific and technological knowledge, it is in the ranks of 7-8 advanced countries in the world. Nuclear power is used in various fields of medicine, veterinary medicine, industry, agriculture, electricity generation, etc. Undoubtedly, with the consolidation and institutionalization of the fuel cycle in Iran, this valuable achievement will reveal its works in all these areas. The bullying and domineering countries did not allow Iran, such as Iran, to import one kilogram of enriched uranium once, with today’s indigenous plants, several tons of cake to UF6, several tons of enriched uranium rich in less than 5 percent, and several hundred Kg of 20% enriched uranium is produced internally.
Charles Onunaiju is a Public Policy Analyst.