Tuesday, July 22, marked100 days since the abduction of almost 300 girls by terrorists from their school in Chibok, Borno state in north-east Nigeria. Some of the girls have escaped from their abductors although most of them remain in captivity with reports of mass rape, sexual abuse, sex slavery, even death. Moreso, there has been news of other abductions including 90 girls who were taken in a series of attacks in June. The current situation on ground does not offer much hope that a successful effort by the government to rescue all the girls abducted by Boko Haram and to prevent further abductions would occur in the forthcoming 100 days.
That the Nigerian government has handled the Chibok issue abysmally is not in doubt. Its initial reaction to reports of the abductions was complete denial. This was followed by false claims that the girls had been found and returned to their families. The President’s wife provided her own drama when she held a “public meeting” to demonstrate that no girls were abducted and that news of the ‘false’ abduction was to discredit her husband.
The President has also shown a total lack of empathy by refusing to meet with parents of the abducted girls to commiserate with them. A ridiculous attempt to capitalise on Girls Advocate Malala’s visit to get the parents to see him failed when they refused to honour the invitation. The government has also maintained that it would not negotiate with terrorists neither would it undertake a military attempt to rescue the girls as it did not want to risk their lives. It is not really clear then what if anything the government is doing to secure the girls’ release anytime soon.
In addition, there has been widespread criticism of the government’s poor handling of the Boko haram insurgency. Hundreds of thousands of refugees in neighbouring countries fleeing from terrorists remain uncared for. Schools remain closed and how the Safer Schools Initiative established by Gordon Brown, former British Prime Minister would operate in the midst of such widespread chaos and insecurity is not really clear. There is no strategy to safeguard communities as the terrorists continue to operate virtually unhindered, attacking villages, killing people and abducting more women and girls. As an ominous sign of what is to come, a town in Borno State was attacked with the terrorists hoisting their flag in the military battalion headquarters to claim it as their territory.
The military itself has been very comatose and inefficient, with reports of a large number of casualties among troops. In May, some soldiers mutinied due to a lack of provision of adequate and suitable arms and ammunition to fight with. There are reports of rogue military men colluding with terrorists to organise raids on communities, military establishments and other places. It appears the terrorists are better resourced and possess better ammunition than the military.
In June, Nigerians woke up to the news that their government had recruited a public relations company to help launder its image. Its first task backfired spectacularly – an article it placed in the Washington Post attracted a damning editorial in the New York Times as a response. Nigerians also took to twitter using the hashtag #SomeoneTellLevick to demonstrate the futility of their government’s action.
Yet there are a number of decisive steps the Nigerian government can take to ensure the girls are freed as soon as possible. It must urgently decide if it wishes to negotiate for their release in exchange for prisoners or failing that, attempt a rescue mission, but taking every possible step to ensure there are no casualties among the girls. It is foolhardy to leave the girls in the hands of terrorists indefinitely hoping that a miracle would happen. Stronger efforts should be made to protect people from Boko haram and to take care of victims. The launch of a Victim Support Fund is laudable, but government must ensure the funds actually reach the victims. The government must also start to co-operate with its neighbours to provide care and support for citizens who have escaped from terrorists and who are now living as refugees. Importantly, the Nigerian government must stop dilly-dallying about the rogue military officers in its wing. These are traitors whose activities are inimical to the security of the country and must be treated as such.
Debbie Ariyo is chiefe Executive of AFRUCA – Africans Unite Against Child Abuse, a UK charity promoting the welfare of children. www.afruca.org